Erica van de Waal



van de Waal E, Claidière N & Whiten A 2015
Wild vervet monkeys discriminate and copy alternative methods for opening
an artificial fruit.
Animal Cognition, doi: 10.1007/s10071-014-0830-4

Pasquaretta C, Levé M, Claidière N, van de Waal E, Whiten A, MacIntosh AJ,
... & Sueur C
Social networks in primates: smart and tolerant species have more efficient
Scientific Reports, 4. doi: 10.1038/srep07600


van de Waal E, Bshary R & Whiten A 2014
Field experiments show wild vervet monkey infants acquire maternal food-
processing techniques.
Animal Behaviour 90, 41-45.

Tournier E, Tournier V, van de Waal E, Barrett A, Brown L & Bshary R 2014
Differences in diet between six neighbouring groups of vervet monkeys.
Ethology 120, 1-12.


Borgeaud C, van de Waal E & Bshary R 2013
Third-party ranks knowledge in wild vervet monkeys
(Chlorocebus aethiops pygerythrus).
PLoS ONE 8(3): e58562. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058562

Renevey N, Bshary R & van de Waal E (in press)
Philopatric vervet monkey females are the focus of social attention
rather independently of rank.


van de Waal E & Whiten A 2013
Social learning and spread of alternative means of opening an artificial food
in four groups of vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops).
Animal Behaviour 85, 71-76.

van de Waal E, Borgeaud C & Whiten A 2013
Potent social learning and conformity shape a wild primate’s
foraging decisions.
Science Vol. 340 no. 6131 pp. 483 - 485 DOI:10.1126/science.1232769

van de Waal E, Krützen M, Hula J, Goudet J & Bshary R 2012
Similarity in food cleaning techniques within matrilines in wild vervet
PLoS ONE 7(4): e35694. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035694.
van de Waal E 2012
Selective Attention in Social Learning of Vervet Monkey.
In N.M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning
(Vol. 7, pp. 2988-2989). New York et al.: Springer.
van de Waal E & Whiten A 2012
Spontaneous emergence, imitation and spread of alternative foraging
techniques among groups of vervet monkeys.
PLoS ONE 7(10): e47008. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047008.
Bshary R, Di Lascio F, Pinto A & van de Waal E 2011
How intelligent is Machiavallian behaviour?
Strüngmann Forum: Animal thinking: Cotemporary issues in
comparative cognition
Fruteau C, van de Waal E, van Damme E & Noë R 2011
Infant access and handling in sooty mangabeys and vervet monkeys.
Animal Behaviour 81, 153-161.
van de Waal E & Bshary R 2011
Social learning abilities of wild vervet monkeys in a two-step task
artificial fruit experiment.
Animal Behaviour 81, 433-438 .
van de Waal E, Renevey N, Favre CM & Bshary R 2010
Selective attention to philopatric models causes directed social learning
in wild vervet monkeys. 
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London ‘B’ 277, 2105-2111.
van de Waal E & Bshary R 2010
Contact with human facilities appears to enhance technical skills in wild
vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops).
Folia Primatologica 81, 282-291.